Saturday, February 25, 2012

Double Duty

Leviticus 19:9-10

When you reap the harvest of your land,
you shall not reap your field right up to its edge,
neither shall you gather the gleanings after your harvest.
And you shall not strip your vinyard bare,
neither shall you gather the fallen grapes of your vinyard.
You shall leave them for the poor and for the sojourner:
I am the Lord your God.

Leviticus 19:9-10 (ESV)

I have always thought it wonderful the way God planned for the poor. It wasn't an easy life, but the poor who were willing to go out and work hard had opportunities to procure a livelihood for themselves. Many of us are familiar with this concept because of the story of Ruth, the faithful daughter-in-law who was able to provide for herself and her mother-in-law by appealing to this law that God had given so long ago at Sinai.

Today as I read these verses, I was struck: not only did God provide for the poor, but He also set up a system that would minimize boundary quarrels. Farmers on adjoining properties had a natural, God-ordained buffer zone at the edges of their land. If they followed this law, there should have been no quibbling over "You're harvesting in my field!" and, "No! You're harvesting in my field!" Any judge could easily point out, "You are both in the wrong if you are arguing over this. Both of you are harvesting too much and forgetting to obey God and leave the edges for the poor!"

I should not be surprised at the brilliance of God's plans. God is just amazing.

Friday, February 17, 2012

Psalm 57:1-2

Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me,
for in You my soul takes refuge;
in the shadow of Your wings I will take refuge,
till the storms of destruction pass by.
I cry out to God Most High,
to God who fulfills His purpose for me.

Psalm 57:1-2 (ESV)

This was our theme verse back in, what? 2009?

Back then I was a Bible study teacher, teaching Job. We memorized this verse, but in the NIV.

Today I came across it in my reading for the day, and it was so special, so familiar, so mine.

Also, it was very needed. Not so much the part about the storm. I'm not in a storm, I wouldn't say. Not yet.

But I am without a purpose right now. I feel like I need a purpose, a role. How comforting to realize that God promises to fulfill His purposes for His children. Of course, David, who wrote this, was destined by God to be king of Israel and ancestor of Messiah. I am sure my purpose is nowhere near anything like that. But I believe God has a purpose for me, nonetheless.

In His time He will reveal it.

Saturday, February 11, 2012

Exodus 21:2-6

When you buy a Hebrew slave, he shall serve six years, and in the seventh he shall go free, for nothing.

If he comes in single, he shall go out single; if he comes in married, then his wife shall go out with him.

If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he [the slave who fulfilled his six years] shall go out alone.

But if the slave plainly says, "I love my master, my wife and my children; I will not go out free," then his master shall bring him to God, and he shall bring him to the door or the doorpost. And his master shall bore his ear through with an awl, and he shall be his slave forever.

Exodus 21:2-6 (ESV)

This is fascinating to me.

Slavery in Bible times was entirely different from what it was in the early days of the American south. For one thing, they didn't go out hunting for people whom they could catch and bring back to their land to sell for a profit. Some slaves were prisoners of war. But the slaves discussed in this passage were Hebrews, brothers. They had to sell themselves into slavery sometimes when they got into financial trouble, into too much debt they could not repay. Bankruptcy was not an option in those days. But neither did they throw debtors into debtors' prison as in Victorian England. No, in these ancient days, debtors had to work off their debts by selling themselves into slavery. In other words, they found a wealthy patron who could pay off the debt for them, and then they proceeded to live with him and work for him over the next six years to make it up to him. It was a pretty economically sound solution.

AND... God made provisions to protect the slaves from exploitation. For one thing, they were to be set free after six years. A long time, yes, but anything is more bearable when there is an end in sight.

Presumably, an intelligent slave would know better than to take a wife from within the household of a master he despised. Slaves could make choices, to marry or to remain single, knowing that they would have the option to go free in the seventh year.

Kind, fair masters provided for their slaves in return for good labor. This was not always back-breaking manual labor. Sometimes it was household management or personal assistance (think of Sam Gamgee's relationship with Frodo). Slaves could remain under the protection and provision of a fair master, raise a family and live a good life, if they so desired. It was more like living within the kingdom of a good and righteous king than like being exploited by unfair labor practices.

I do not know how the slave traders in the American south ever could have justified their actions in light of the Bible. Biblical slavery had nothing in common with the atrocities committed by those slave hunters, sellers, and owners.